- Straight Turning
- Taper Turning
- Contour Turning
- Form Turning
- External Threading
- Internal Threading
- Grooving or Necking
Can be right or left handed. Right handed turning is when the cutter moves from right to left.
Taper turning can be done using a taper attachment, the compound rest, or by offsetting the tailstock. Taper turning can also be done on a CNC lathe.
Facing is working on the flat face of the workpiece.
Contour turning is usually performed on a CNC lathe. Historically, tracers were used to create irregular shapes on a lathe.
Form turning is used to impart an irregular shape on a workpiece using a specially ground tool.
Parting is used to cut off a workpiece. A thin parting tool is used.
Drilling can be accomplished by holding the drill bit in the tailstock and rotating the workpiece.
Boring removes material from a previously drilled hole. It can enlarge the hole and improve the roundness and surface finish.
External threading creates male screw threads on a workpiece.
Internal threading creates female threads inside a hole in a workpiece.
Grooving or Necking
Grooving can create grooves for items such as retaining rings or glands for o-rings. Grooving can be internal or external.
Knurling forms a pattern on a workpiece. Knurling can be decorative or functional. Knurling increases the effective diameter of the workpiece.